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Customs of Turkmens
Published: 02 may 2016

Turkmenistan, like any Eastern country, is famous for its hospitality and friendliness. Guests are a real holiday for every family. They set the table with the most delicious and beautiful dishes. Bread and salt are sacred for Turkmens and it’s the main detail for any dish. Every meal is accompanied by green tea – Turkmens drink it in large quantities in the cold and even in heat. Turkmen honor Turkmens highly value honor. It carries not only by man, but also by his family and the whole race. Nobility is another feature of people. It’s a great shame for a man if he doesn’t keep his word. Spirit of kinship is strongly developed among the locals. Family is on the first place not only for women but also for men. Turkmens try to maintain good relations with neighbors. Sincerity is another quality that is highly appreciated by Turkmens. Folk wisdom says "Speak the trut...

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Inhabitants of the Caspian Sea
Published: 26 november 2015

Caspian Sea is an unusual sea – it’s very difficult to find one similar. It’s the world’s largest basin detached from the World Ocean and it’s the only sea in the world where a river flows out of. Its inhabitants – birds and animals also look unusual. Some of them can not be found anywhere else on the planet. Inhabitants of the Caspian Sea First of all they are Caspian seal, salmon and inconnu. The real Caspian Sea’s pride is sturgeon. This place was very famous for it from time immemorial. Nowadays Caspian Sea countries, including Turkmenistan, are making efforts to preserve its population.  Birds of the Caspian Sea There’re over 400 types of birds in this area. That’s why Khazar Reserve is often called ornithological reserve. Turkmen coastline of the Caspian Sea is a large crossing on the ways of passage and migration of birds...

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Extraterrestrial landscapes of Kopetdag mountains
Published: 12 june 2015

The Kopetdag Mountains is the largest mountain system, located between Iran and Turkmenistan. Mountains stretch along the sandy Karakum desert more than 600 kilometers. So the Kopetdag Mountains may be talked about as a natural barrier for the shifting sands of one of the world’s largest deserts. There a truly cosmic landscape rises to view that looks unusually. That’s why local people named the mountains as “lunar”. Their smoothed peg-shaped forms speckled with deep furrows resemble the hardened volcanic lava. So the mountains represent to view a truly architectural improvisation of the Earth which as though had broken out from the depths of its bowels. The main secret It’s interesting that because of air humidity the color of mountains may vary from the emerald-gray to pinkish-cream, unveiling thereby after the rain the wonderful color tints of rocks. Wh...

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Altyn-Depe – Turkmen Stonehenge
Published: 02 april 2015

For several decades scientists excavate ancient settlement Altyn-depe that situated some kilometers away from Tedjen city. Altyn-depe translates like “gold hill”, because there was found a lot of gold jewelry. The city prospered during the Bronze Age, more than 4-6 thousand years ago. Nowadays there’re formless clay hills on the large territory of ancient settlement. But all the hills together form a single system of architectural symbols and patterns. That’s why settlement often call as Turkmen Stonehenge. The plan of the settlement Scientists can’t tell the name of the country and what language its people spoke. But excavations revealed that settlement was well fortified: there were heavy defensive walls with towers. The main material for constructions was adobe bricks that used for house buildings. There were a lot of blocks inside the city and only rep...

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Yangikala
Published: 07 january 2015

Yangikala Canyons are amazing natural objects in the North West of Turkmenistan in the Balkan region. Yangikala means “fire fortress”. So interesting name canyons were given because of red color of rocks, from which are formed mountains ranges and cliffs.  After leaving Balkanabad, you will suddenly find yourself in the steep cliffs. There used to be the waters of the Gulf Karabagazgol - part of the coast of the Caspian Sea. Today here you can see steep banks and huge hills. Due to rain, wind, waves, there were formed fanciful castles, towers, walls.  Yangikala Canyons are incredibly beautiful sight. The most interesting thing that depending of the time of day, the color of the rocks is changed right before our eyes from pure white to fiery red. It is especially beautiful at sunset, when everything is colored in fiery tones. The sight like this one can see in Chines...

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Karlyuk caves
Published: 02 november 2014

  Karlyuk caves are located on the western slope of the ridge Kugitang-Tau, on the eastern outskirt of Turkmenistan. There are numerous picturesque gorges on the slopes of the ridge. The height of some cliffs is 200 m.   There were registered about 60 caves, its length is from a few hundred meters to several kilometers. Karlyuk village is the great value as a natural biological attraction, as well as a world heritage monument. The most famous caves are Hoshmoyuk, Kapkutan, Stone Flower, Vertical (Cave of the Dead), located in the 7-10 km. to the east of the Carluke village.   Cave "Hashimeyuk" is geological and archeological site in a mountain system of Kugitang. The length of the cave is 3.5 km and consists of many mazes (from 5 to 8 metres). There are a lot of formations, which are called stalactites and stalagmites.   The length of “Kop-Kotan”...

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Old and New Nisa
Published: 20 may 2014

  One of the most famous archeological monuments - Old and New Nisa are in a few kilometers from Turkmenistan. The study of this ancient city was begun at the last century by archaeologists from different countries. The distance of two separated cities is one and a half kilometers. Old Nisa is translated as Konenusay and New Nisa – Tyazenusay.    Unlike New Nisa, which was full-fledged city until XIX century, Old Nisa stopped its existence long ago. During the excavations of Old Nisa, were found many artifacts of ancient civilization, what cannot be said about New Nisa. The city walls of Old Nisa built of mud brick, which was a traditional building material in Central Asia. Ancient walls of the city were destroyed because of archeological excavations and precipitation. Many people are wondered the meaning of the word “Nisa”. According to medieval geo...

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Merv
Published: 19 may 2014

   Merv oasis (40 km. to the east from Mary) is one of the most ancient regions of Central Asia, which mastered an irrigation system related to the period of Bronze Age. Therefore it is not surprising that Merv (Margush, Margiana, Mouru or Maru in different sources) grew here as one of the largest city in ancient world. The origin of Merv is covered by mystery. The only one fact is clear - the first written references about its appearance are in Avesta chronicles of approximately VIII-VI c.c. B.C. Omar Khayam, As-Samani, Imamad-din-Isfaxani and other great persons of middle ages lived and created here. Contemporary ruins include more than five ancient settlements: Erk-Kala, Gyaur-Kala, Sultan-Kala, Abdulla-Khan-Kala and Bayram-Aly-Khan-Kala, surrounded by wall and ruins of other fortification and cult constructions (precise boundaries of city are not known until now). Majority ...

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Kugitang Nature Reserve
Published: 02 may 2014

Kugitang Nature Reserve is located in the south-western slopes of the Koytendag mountains (the Kugitang range), at the south-western extreme of the Gissar range of the Pamir-Alay mountain system. Generally, it lies at elevations of 900-3139m above sea level, which it reaches at Ayrybaba (the highest peak of Turkmenistan). There are a substantial number of water bodies: karst lakes, freshwater springs and hydrogen sulphate wells. Koytendag is famous for its unique caves and other geological features (marble onyx), as well as its archa forest and species of rare plants and animals such as the blind cave loach which inhabits underground lakes in the karstic caves. Kugitang is also famous for its representing the main periods of Earth development, including the illustration of ancient life, significant geological processes in Earth surface forms development, essential geomorphological a...

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Turkmen national costume
Published: 12 september 2013

  The formation of Turkmen national costume is connected with climatic conditions, occupation and historical relationship. The traditional Turkmen costume was free and loose clothing that was met all the requirements for the nomadic way of life. Man's costume consisted of a loose shirt, pants and robe, which were made of cotton fabric. The robe was made of striped fabric (silk), usually red, white and black stripes. Footwear was shoes which put on over woolen socks. According to shoes, one could determine the status of the host. Rich people wore boots made of white leather on the heel as well as boots with galoshes “kovush”. But the greatest attention was paid to the headdress “telpek”, as hat which was made of black, white and brown lamb was the sign of manhood. “Telpek” is a unique hat, it protects from the heat in summer and from cold in w...

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Badkhyz reserve
Published: 20 june 2013

  Badkhyz reserve is one of the most beautiful nature reserves in the south of Turkmenistan, located between the rivers Kushka and Tedjen, was created in 1941. The total area of the reserve is about 90,000 hectares.   Badkhyz flora is rich and diverse. In this beautiful place there are such rare plants that belong only to this region. Many of them need special attention and protection, so they were listed into the Red book. Spring is the best time for visiting Badkhyz. At this season the mountain slopes and plains of the reserve are covered by flowering grasses. Poppies and tulips are the main decoration of this time of year. The mountain plains are covered by red color, produced during their blossom. Pistachio groves are the main attraction of Badkhyz Reserve.   Unique Badkhyz reserve is famous for its kulans (steppe racers). There are also other rare animals: gazelles, l...

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Turkmen cuisine
Published: 27 may 2013

  Turkmen national cuisine has much in common with the cuisines of other Central Asian peoples, primarily, the uzbek and karakalpak, this is explained by the similarity of natural conditions and ethnic characteristics. However, the Turkmen cookery maintained its national originality, which shows itself as in the assortment of dishes and ways of their cooking, as in the ritual of food serving. The distinctive ways of cooking of various traditional national dishes are typical for different regions of Turkmenistan, that is due to the peculiarities of farming or to the influence of the neighboring nations. There have been great changes in the Turkmen cuisine in recent years. Earlier vegetables (beet, onions. etc.) have been added in the meat soups occasionally, but today chorba with vegetables, especially with potatoes and tomatoes is an everyday food in all regions of Turkmenistan. Oni...

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Turkmen wedding
Published: 25 july 2012

In Turkmenistan, as in other Eastern country, wedding is not possible without national traditions and ceremonies. Religious beliefs and ancient people’s traditions became intertwined in wedding ceremonies. Today the traditions lost their original meaning, got the symbolical one, and some traditions transformed into the relative ones. But, on the whole, wedding continue to save the traditional characteristics.As so often happens in the East, all costs directly related to marriage rest upon the groom's family shoulders. Therefore, all relatives of the groom's family help in preparation of the wedding.The tradition of the obligatory ransom for the bride did not lose its actuality. In addition, the groom’s part bears the expenses of the wedding. That is why, if there is a son in the family, the parents begin to lay up money while he is still a minor. A few words should be said co...

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Turkmen bakhshi
Published: 20 july 2012

Bakhshi (Turkm. bagşy / bagshi) - folk singer among the peoples of Central Asia, generally performing at the celebrations. The word "Bakhshi" comes from the Sanskrit bhikshu - teacher. Mongolian Buddhists called bakhshi people who knew Uighur script, that is why in the XIII-XV centuries the word "Bakhshi" was given to scribes.In the existing system of Bakhshi education the significant place was given to poetry contests.In Central Asia Bakhshi were the guardians of national music and folk traditions, they also spread the classics.Music for the Turkmen is a life of people, placed in sound, honest story about the anxieties and joys, suffering and happiness, the beauty of the soul and heart disturbances. It is able to heal wounds, soothe, or pour into a human vitality.The art of folk singers in the country is highly respected and honoured. Their names are always within hearing, and the histo...

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Karakum Desert
Published: 13 july 2012

The area of the Karakum Desert is nearly 350.000 sq. km, which is about 79 per cent of Turkmenistan’s territory. The desert borders on the Ustyurt plateau  in the north-west, on the Amu-Darya in the north- east, on the  Murghab River oasis in the south and on the Caspian Sea in the west.  The Karakum desert is divided into three parts: Low (Central), Zunguz (Northern) and Southeast. The desert is rich not only in oil and gas but other mineral resources as well. A wide range of grey mounts dominate the landscape along the boundaries of the Zunguz Karakum. Those mounts hold deposits of sulphur. From the outside they are covered with a flint crust.The landscape of the Karakum is very interesting. Only part of its territory is covered with sand. In the east there are ‘barkhans’ - mounts of loose sand of 15 to 35 m high. There are flat areas of broad expanses ...

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Akhaltekin horses
Published: 13 july 2012

The modern science names Akhalteke horse as one of the most ancient in the world among 250 fixed breeds of horses. A lot of researchers are inclined to consider as it the most ancient breed of cultural horse breeding. The chronicles of Tiglatpalasar (1115 – 1077 B.C.) is considered to be the first historical data about oriental horse.Herodot described 10 sacred horses in the magnificent harness which conducted in front of the sacred Akhuramazda chariot in Xerxes’s army. These horses were cultivated on the Niseyskaya plain from “Merv up to Bulkh (modern Afghanistan) in Media”.The description of ancient nisey horse, harmonious, with the long thin and flexible neck, large eyes, fine-moulded head, and harmonious strong legs was kept…Long since, as the test of breed, the horse race on the distance from 10 to 50 km were arranged, and Akhalteke passed them with ea...

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Kugitang Nature Reserve
Published: 13 july 2012

Kugitang Nature Reserve is located in the south-western slopes of the Koytendag mountains (the Kugitang range), at the south-western extreme of the Gissar range of the Pamir-Alay mountain system. Generally, it lies at elevations of 900-3139m above sea level, which it reaches at Ayrybaba (the highest peak of Turkmenistan). There are a substantial number of water bodies: karst lakes, freshwater springs and hydrogen sulphate wells. Koytendag is famous for its unique caves and other geological features (marble onyx), as well as its archa forest and species of rare plants and animals such as the blind cave loach which inhabits underground lakes in the karstic caves. Kugitang is also famous for its representing the main periods of Earth development, including the illustration of ancient life, significant geological processes in Earth surface forms development, essential geomorphological a...

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Repetek
Published: 13 july 2012

The Repetek Nature Reserve was founded in 1927 and occupies a territory of more than 35 000 hectaresto study unique desert fauna and flora.  It is located in the central part of the eastern Karakum. The unique natural ecosystem of Repetek attracted the attention of many scientists and a number of scientific conferences and seminars were held here.  The importance of Repetek   was recognized by UNESCO and in 1979 Repetek obtained the status of an International Biosphere Reserve. Repetek is a place where we can observe practically all forms of the Karakum’s sandy landscape, which are dune-like, ridge-like, hilly and other possible variations, as well as striking the attention ‘Repetek Sahara’ and  groves of white and black saxaul (haloxylon) - a forest without a shade. Saxaul is a tree without leaves. It has leaves, but they are very thin. It helps the...

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